This post is an Annotated Biblogrpahy for the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill which happened March 24, 1989. Within this annotated bibliography there are both primary and secondary sources. If you are interested please feel free to check some of them out! -Alexis
Alan Taylor. The Exxon Valdez oil Spill: 25 Years Ago Today. The Atlantic, March 24, 2014, https://www.theatlantic.com/photo/2014/03/the-exxon-valdez-oil-spill-25-years-ago-today/100703/.
This news article has many different photos of the spill and descriptions of them, which are important for visualizing what has happened within the sound. But this article also speaks to what Exxon has to pay in penalties but it also speaks to what happened to the Captain of Exxon Valdez.
Downs Micheal A., John Russell, Lawerence A. Palinkas, John S. Petterson, “Community Patterns of Psychiatric Disorders After the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill”, American Journal of Psychiatry, 150 and 10, 1993. DOI: 10.1176/ajp.150.10.1517, https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Lawrence_Palinkas/publication/14818864_Community_Patterns_of_Psychiatric_Disorders_After_the_Exxon_Valdez_Oil_Spill/links/0046351b0dde5018e5000000/Community-Patterns-of-Psychiatric-Disorders-After-the-Exxon-Valdez-Oil-Spill.pdf.
This source focuses on the impact the Oil Spill had on those who were most impacted by it. They did this by looking at the mental state of those surrounding the area where the spill and clean up happened. This source is important because it looks at the human impact of the spill, the authors find a strong impact on mental well being.
ExxonMobil. The Valdez Oil spill. Exxon Mobil. http://corporate.exxonmobil.com/en/environment/emergency-preparedness/spill-prevention-and-response/valdez-oil-spill?parentId=ef7252d1-7929-4f5c-9fa2-05404bde2a0f.
Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council. Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council. Alaska Resources Library & Information Service, http://www.evostc.state.ak.us/index.cfm?FA=aboutUs.home.
This source is critical within the research of the spill due to the fact that this is a group in which is continuing to collect data about the sound to add to the existing data. This site also contains information about spill but also about the long-term mentoring as well as yearly reports.
Gill, Duane A., J. Steven Picou, Liesel Ashley Ritchie, “The Exxon Valdez and BP Oil Spills: A Comparison of Initial Social and Psychological Impacts”, American Behavioural Scientist, 56 and 1, 2012. DOI: 10.1177/0002764211408585, https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Duane_Gill/publication/254074451_The_Exxon_Valdez_and_BP_Oil_Spills_A_Comparison_of_Initial_Social_and_Psychological_Impacts/links/0c96052caefd9ce173000000.pdf.
The impacts on the humans surrounding this spill are often overlooked but not within this source. There is also a comparison of Exxon Valdez Spill and the Deep Water Horizons. This article also gives background about both spills before moving into the case study that were completed within the two areas.
Graham, Sarah. “Environmental Effects of Exxon Valdez Spill Still Being Felt.” Scientific American, 10 December 2003.https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/environmental-effects-of/.
Hernan, Robert Emmet., Bill McKibben. This borrowed Earth: Lessons form the 15 Worst Environmental Disasters Around the World. St. Martin’s Press, 2010.
This source is a combination of 15 disasters within one book. The authors of this book speak bout the oil spill in relation to Prince William Sound and the harms suffered by the Sound during the spill. Speaks to the ecological harm for the life within the sound but also gives facts.
Keeble, John. Out of the Channel The Exxon Vadez Oil Spill in Prince William Sound. HarperCoillin Publishers, 1991.
Leacock, Elipheth. The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill. Facts on File Inc., 2005.
This source allows for an extensive overview of the events surrounding the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill. This book achieves this by starting with the boat and ends with the court cases that surround the spill. The author has also chosen to include graphs as well as timelines of the events.
Los Angeles Times. “The State: Exxon Valdez Heads for Port.” Los Angles Times, 30 July 1989. http://articles.latimes.com/1989-07-30/news/mn-663_1_exxon-valdez.
Martin Robards. Exxon Valdez: what lessons have we learned from the 1989 oil spill disaster?. The Guardian, March 24, 2014, https://www.theguardian.com/environment/blog/2014/mar/24/exxon-valdez-oil-spill-disaster-arctic.
This new article looks back upon the spill 25 years later which gives a very strict contrast from the primary sources speaking about the disaster in 1989. This article speaks to the loses in wildlife that have not come back in the numbers they once were, as well as the impacts on humans who live within the area.
NOAA Office of Response and Restoration. Exxon Valdez Oil Spill. NOAA, February 17, 2017, http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/oil-and-chemical-spills/significant-incidents/exxon-valdez-oil-spill.
Schabecoff, Philip. “Largest U.S. Tanker Spill Sews 27,000 Barrels of Oil Off Alaska.” The New York Times, 25 March 1989., P. 1. http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0324.html.
This is a primary source news article form 1989, form New York City. This article is on the front page and provides a map of the area being spoken about. This News article gives all the major facts about what happened on March 24 the day of the spill; while also bringing in the environmentalist opinions.
The New York Times. Exxon Valdez Oil Spill (1989). The New York Times, August 3, 2010, https://www.nytimes.com/topic/subject/exxon-valdez-oil-spill-1989.
United Press International. “Exxon Valdex Refloated.” Los Angeles Times, 05 April 1989. http://articles.latimes.com/1989-04-05/news/mn-1128_1_exxon-valdez-refloated.
Walker, Martin. “Ecological catastrophe feared Giant oil spill hits Alaska.” The Guardian, 25 March 1989, P. 24. https://www.scribd.com/doc/214121350/Guardian-report-on-Exxon-Valdez-oil-spill-in-1989.
This article is a primary source news article from 1989, which gives the options of those who were experiencing the Oil Spill first hand. This article gives the facts about the spill, but does provide some interest that only one day after the spill it was on page 24 of the paper.
Walters, Joanna. “Exxon Valdez – 25 years after the Alaska oil spill, the court battle continues.” The Telegraph, 23 March 2014. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/northamerica/usa/10717219/Exxon-Valdez-25-years-after-the-Alaska-oil-spill-the-court-battle-continues.html.
This news article is found within a paper in the United Kingdom, which provides some context to who is speaking about this oil spill 25 years later. This article gives facts about the spill but it also follows up with where the key players of the spill are now, such as Exxon and the Captain.